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Friday, March 20, 2009

Film Photography Spawned Digital

By Yars Revenga

In today's world, everything seems to move faster than the speed of light. This holds true within the world of photography with new techniques and methods pushing the envelope in this ever evolving industry.

35mm film, also referred to as 135 film, can be used for still photographs and motion pictures. The 35mm camera was put on the market in 1934 and was a best seller by the late 1960s and still enjoys success today.

The typical number of exposures on a roll of 35mm film is 36. However, the number of exposures can vary depending on the needs of the photography and cost constraints. Disposable cameras can be found in 6, 8, 10, or 15 exposure quantities.

The American Tourist Multiple was first introduced in 1913. It was very expensive for the average consumer. In 1925, the 35mm Leica was released and created a boon for photography hobbyists and enthusiasts across the globe.

The Leica quickly caught on amongst photography enthusiasts. Its compact size, quality glass and German craftsmanship all contributed to the success of the 35mm Leica camera. The Leica became the standard for professional photographers, fashion photographers and photojournalists.

In 1934, the Kodak Company launched the German built Kodak Retina, the first 35mm camera to use the modern film cartridge, familiar to camera users today. The next important innovation took place in the 1960s when Nikon introduced the Nikon F SLR.

The SLR camera, Single Lens Reflex system, took the world of photography by storm and hasn't looked back since. These cameras were more intuitive to handle than its predecessors. Multiple functions such as a viewfinder, preview screen and a motor to advance the film.

Traditional 35mm film camera sales took a big hit when digital cameras first hit the scene. But with the advent of Digital SLR cameras, the 35mm seems to have weathered the storm and is regaining its popularity.

The camera industry is topped by Kodak, Nikon, Olympus, Fuji and Canon. Their endeavors and dedication to research and development will no doubt yield yet another breakthrough in the world of photography. Despite sweeping technological advancements, the 35mm film camera will always have a place in history.

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